Not Italy But Greece: The Untold Epicenter of Olive Oil Production

When it comes to the golden elixir known as olive oil, most people immediately associate it with the Mediterranean region. While both Greece and Italy are renowned for their rich olive oil heritage, it is Greece that stands as the true epicenter for olive oil production in the world. In this blog post, we will explore the historical, geographical, and cultural factors that have elevated Greece to its preeminent position in the olive oil industry.

  • Historical Legacy
  • Greece's historical connection with olive oil dates back to ancient times. The olive tree, known as the "tree of life" in Greek mythology, holds a special place in the hearts of Greeks, symbolizing peace, fertility, and prosperity. The ancient Greeks were pioneers in cultivating and perfecting olive oil extraction techniques, which they subsequently spread throughout the Mediterranean basin. These early innovations laid the foundation for Greece to become a leading player in the olive oil trade.

  • Ideal Climate and Soil
  • Greece's diverse climate and fertile soil provide optimal conditions for olive cultivation. The country's varied geography, with coastal plains, mountains, and islands, creates microclimates that accommodate different olive tree varieties. Each region's distinctive characteristics contribute to the unique flavors and aromas of Greek olive oils. From the robust Koroneiki olives of Crete to the mild and fruity Kalamata olives of the Peloponnese, Greece offers a wide array of tastes to satisfy even the most discerning palates.

  • Rich Biodiversity of Olive Varieties
  • Greece boasts an impressive number of olive tree varieties, with over 30 different types growing across the country. Among these, the Koroneiki olive variety stands out for its high oil content and exceptional flavor. This tiny but mighty olive is a staple in Greek olive groves and accounts for a significant portion of the country's olive oil production. The diversity of olive varieties contributes to Greece's ability to produce a broad spectrum of high-quality oils suitable for various culinary applications

  • Traditional Farming Practices
  • Greek olive oil production preserves traditional farming methods, emphasizing sustainability and organic practices. Many Greek olive growers still rely on age-old techniques, passed down through generations, which respect the land and the environment. These practices contribute to the superior quality of Greek olive oil, as they maintain the integrity and purity of the product, free from synthetic chemicals and additives.

    Protected Designation of Origin (PDO)

    The European Union's Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) status offers legal protection to certain regional olive oils in Greece, ensuring their authenticity and safeguarding their reputation. PDO status also protects consumers from imitation or counterfeit products, guaranteeing that the olive oil they purchase originates from the designated region. This recognition has helped elevate Greek olive oil's status in the international market and further solidifies its position as a premium product.


    While both Greece and Italy share a profound connection with olive oil, Greece's historical legacy, ideal climate, rich biodiversity, traditional farming practices, and PDO status make it the true epicenter for olive oil production in the world. The combination of these factors has allowed Greece to produce some of the finest and most sought-after olive oils globally, earning its place as an indispensable cornerstone of the Mediterranean diet and a symbol of cultural heritage and culinary excellence. So, the next time you savor that velvety drizzle of olive oil on your salad or dip a piece of crusty bread into its liquid gold, you can take delight in knowing that you are experiencing the genuine essence of Greece's olive oil legacy.  And, just for the record, we are big fans of Iliada Extra Virgin Olive Oil.